Marieke H Rosenbaum - DVM, MPH, MS

Marieke H Rosenbaum
Public Health, Global Health, Community Health, Epidemiology, Zoonotic Disease

Education

  • 2004    Bachelors of Science (Major: Biology), Allegheny College, Meadville, PA
  • 2014    Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, The Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, North Grafton, MA
  • 2014    Master of Public Health, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA
  • 2014    Master of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, The Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, North Grafton, MA

Peer-reviewed publications:

Rosenbaum M, Mendoza P, Ghersi BM, Wilbur AK, Perez-Brumer A, Cavero Yong N, Kasper MR, Montano S, Zunt J, Jones-Engel L. Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex in Peruvian New World monkeys. EcoHealth, 2014 [Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.007/s10393-014-0996-x]

Pollett S, Rocha C, Zerpa R, Patino L, Valencia A, Camina M, Guevara J, Lopez M, Chuquiray N, Salazar-Lindo E, Calampa C, Casapia M, Meza R, Bernal M, Tilley D, Gregory M, Maves R, Hall E, Jones F, Arrioloa SC, Rosenbaum M, Perez J, Kasper M. Campylobacter antimicrobial resistance in Peru: a ten-year observational study. BMC Infectious Disease, 2012, 12:193.


Published abstracts and oral presentations:

Rosenbaum M, Núñez J, Lucas C, Ghersi BM, Mendoza P, Montano SM, Edgel KA, Lescano AG, Zunt JR. Gastrointestinal parasites in nonhuman primates with close contact to humans in the Peruvian Amazon. [Oral presentation at the Wildlife Disease Association’s Annual International Meeting in Québec City, Canada, August 14th – 19th, 2011]

Rosenbaum M, Ghersi BM, Canal E, Tejada R, Stewart J, Montano SM, Zunt JR, Kasper MR,Alarcon J. Leptospirosis in mammalian reservoirs and surface water in Alto Mayo valley, San Martin, Peru. [Oral presentation at the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene’s Annual Meeting in Atlanta, GA, November 11th-15th, 2012]

Rosenbaum M, Ghersi BM, Jones-Engel L, Núñez J, Wilbur AK, Mendoza P, Edgel KA, Lescano AG, Kasper MR, Montano SM, Zunt JR. Describing the epidemiological landscape of tuberculosis, Enterobacteriaceae, and gastrointestinal parasites in New World primates and their caretakers in the Peruvian Jungle. [Oral presentation to the American Public Health Association’s Annual Meeting in Washington DC, October 29th -November 2nd, 2011]

General Research Interests

  • Urban agriculture and animal production
  • Tuberculosis in nonhuman primates
  • The Peruvian wildlife trade
  • Infectious diseases in urban rodents
  • Parenting and family planning amongst veterinarians

Selected Research Projects

  • The CLUC Study – Chickens Living in Urban Coops. Backyard poultry flocks are increasingly popular in urban areas. In this study we use a One Health approach, integrating veterinary medicine and environmental health epidemiology, to understand public health risks associated with urban poultry ownership in the greater Boston area. The capacity to understand this dynamic human-poultry-environment relationship amid a burgeoning industry will strengthen our ability to make husbandry and safe handling recommendations that can be evaluated and instituted through the engagement of local community stakeholders and leaders.
  •  Cohabitation with Production Animals and Gut Microbiota in Guatemalan Children.  Perturbations in the gut microbial community (microbiota) may impair intestinal permeability, leading to local and systemic inflammation. Exposure to human feces is associated with adverse health outcomes and improved sanitation has long been recognized as an important public health measure in developing countries. However, it is not known if exposure to animal feces through co-habitation with production animals (poultry, pig, goats, sheep and cows) impacts the gut microbiota and the health of children.
  • Urban Wild Rodents as Environmental Reservoirs for infectious diseases. Wild rodents in urban centers are frequently identified as the hosts and reservoirs for zoonotic pathogens such as Rickettsia, Leptospira and Hantavirus in the urban environment. Recent evidence indicates that rodents may also acquire human pathogens due to contact with human food and biological waste. This study systematically evaluates rodents as reservoirs of infectious diseases and employs the use of advanced genome sequencing techniques to identify genomic linkages among strains carried by rodents and humans.
  • Pregnancy, parenthood, and family planning among veterinary trainees. Veterinary students and house-officers work rigorous schedules with unique demands on time, resources, and personal well-being. The veterinary profession is now female dominated at most levels and veterinary training overlaps with peak reproductive age for the majority of students and house-officers. There exists no demographic data on the number of veterinary students or house-officers who experience pregnancy, are parents, become parents during their veterinary training or alter family planning due to their training.Furthermore, it is unknown if policies for parental leave, facilities for pumping and/or accommodations for pregnant trainees or parents of young children are in place at veterinary teaching institutions. As the veterinary profession continues to evolve, understanding the unique needs to veterinary trainees with regards to parenting and family planning will inform veterinary institutions at large about how to develop best practices and improve quality of life for this demographic.
  • Infectious diseases in wild caught Peruvian Neotropical primates.Primates are phylogenically similar to humans and bi-direction transmission of infectious diseases can occur between humans and primates. Peru is home to over 30 species of Neotropical primates and contact between human and primates is increasing due to the lucrative wildlife trafficking industry, habitat encroachment, and via the expansion and overcrowding of zoos, sanctuaries, and even restaurants that keep captive primates as tourist attractions. There are documented and anecdotal reports of zoonotic diseases such as tuberculosis and herpesvirus in primates in Peru. In addition, it is unknown how the newly emergent Zika virus in South America may circulate in primates, or if primates may act as a reservoir for the virus.  Herpesvirus, Zika virus, and tuberculosis are significant health problems in humans in Peru, yet relatively little is known about how these pathogens behave in semi-domesticated nonhuman primates, who frequently interact with humans in a diverse range of contexts while also having contact with wild, free-roaming nonhuman primate groups.

Teaching

  • CMPH151, 251, 351, 451 Public Health Integration, Course Director Tufts University School of Medicine
  • CMPH 170 Global Population Health, Course Director, Tufts University School of Medicine
  • VET 233 Introduction to Public Health, Course Director, The Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University
  • MSIDGH 540 Infectious Disease of Humans and Animals 1, Director of the Urogenital Tract Disease Unit, The Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University