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Jennifer Graham - DVM, DABVP (Avian/Exotic Companion Mammal), DACZM

Jennifer Graham
Zoological Companion Animal Medicine
Director Zoological Companion Animal Medicine

Dr. Graham graduated with her DVM from Auburn University in 1999. She completed an avian/exotic internship at the University of Georgia followed by a 3-year residency in avian/exotic animal medicine at the University of California at Davis. Following her residency she started an exotics practice in a specialty referral hospital located in Seattle from 2003-2006. Dr. Graham worked at Angell Animal Medical Center in Boston from 2006-2012. She is presently an Associate Professor of Zoological Companion Animal Medicine at Tufts Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine.

Dr. Graham became board certified through the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners (ABVP) in Avian medicine in 2002 and has recently recertified in this practice category. She became a Diplomate of the American College of Zoological Medicine in 2008. She was also on the organizing committee for the ABVP-Exotic Companion Mammal practice category and became certified in this practice category in 2009.

Dr. Graham is a member of multiple professional organizations, including the Association of Avian Veterinarians (AAV), American Association of Zoo Veterinarians (AAZV), Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians (ARAV), and the Association of Exotic Mammal Veterinarians (AEMV). Dr. Graham’s professional interests include NSAIDs/inflammation, oncology in exotic animal species, gastrointestinal stasis in rabbits and rodents, and animal welfare. She served as the ABVP Residency Chair from 2009-2013 and holds positions on several veterinary committees. In her spare time, Dr. Graham enjoys hiking, camping, kayaking, and fly fishing (although she never catches anything!).

Education

  • DVM - Auburn University - 1999
  • Internship in Avian/Exotic Animal Medicine - University of Georgia - 2000
  • Residency in Avian/Exotic Animal Medicine - University of California, Davis - 2003

Board Certification

  • Diplomate ABVP (Avian/Exotic Companion Mammal)
  • Diplomate ACZM
1. Refereed Journals
  1. Graham JE, Larocca RD, McLaughlin SA: Implantation of an intraocular silicone prosthesis in a great horned owl (Bubo virginianus). J Avian Med Surg 1999; 13(2):98-103.
  2. Graham JE, Roberts RE, Wilson GH, Boyd KL: Perianal apocrine gland adenocarcinoma in a ferret. Compendium 2001; 23(4):359-362
  3. Gibbons PM, Busch MD, Tell LA, Graham JE, Lowenstine LJ. Internal papillomatosis with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma in a peach -fronted conure (Aratinga aurea). Avian Path 2002; 46:1062-1069.
  4. Wilson GH, Graham JE. Management of egg-related peritonitis in a blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna). Compendium 2003; 25(1):42-47.
  5. Graham JE, Werner JA, Lowenstine LJ, Wallack ST, Tell LA. Periorbital liposarcoma in an African grey parrot (Psittacus erythacus). J Avian Med Surg 2003; 11(3):147-153.
  6. Graham JE, Tell LA, Lamm M, Lowenstine LJ. Megacloaca in a Moluccan cockatoo ( Cacatua moluccensis). J Avian Med Surg 2004; 18(1):41-49.
  7. Graham JE. Approach to the dyspneic avian patient. Sem Avian Ex Med 2004; 13(3):154- 159.
  8. Ferrell ST, De Cock HE, Graham JE, Kass PH, Tell LA. Assessment of a caudal external thoracic artery axial pattern flap for treatment of sternal cutaneous wounds in birds. AJVR 2004; 65(4):497-502.
  9. Graham JE, Kollias-Baker C, Craigmill AL, Thomasy SM, Tell LA. Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). J Vet Pharm Therapeut 2005; 28:399- 402.
  10. Graham JE, Tell LA. Problem Solving in Avian Medicine. J Ex Pet Med 2009; 18(3): 187-193.
  11. Mickley K, Buote M, Kiupel M, Graham JE, Orcutt C. Ovarian hemangiosarcoma in an orange-wing Amazon parrot. J Avian Med Surg 2009; 23(1): 29-35.
  12. Williams JG, Graham JE, Laste NJ, Malakoff RL. Tetraology of Fallot in a young ferret (Mustela putorius furo). J Ex Pet Med 2011; 20(3):232-236.
  13. Graham JE, Schoeb TR. Mycoplasma pulmonis in rats. J Ex Pet Med 2011 20(4):270-276.
  14. Stanke N, Graham JE, Orcutt C, Reese C, Bretz B, Ewing P, Basseches J. Successful hepatectomy for liver torsion in domestic rabbits: 4 cases. JAVMA 2011; 238(9):1176-83.
  15. Graham JE, Orcutt C, Casale S, Ewing P, Basseches J. Liver lobe torsion in rabbits: 16 cases (2007-2012).  J Ex Pet Med 2014; 23: 258-265.
  16. Graham JE, Garner M, Reavill D. Benzimidazole toxicosis in rabbits: 13 cases (2003-2011).  J Ex Pet Med 2014; 23:188-195.
  17. Sanchez-Migallon D, Graham JE, Keller K, Hunt G, Tong N, Morrisey J. Colonic obstruction following ovariohysterectomy in rabbits: 3 cases. J Ex Pet Med 2015; 24:112-119.
  18. Graham JE, Meola DM, Kini NR, Hoffman AM. Comparison of the effects of glycerol, dimethyl sulfoxide, and hydroxyethyl starch solutions for cryopreservation of avian red blood cells. AJVR 2015; 76(6):487-493.
  19. Kragness B, Graham J, Bedenice, D, Restifo M, Boudrieau R. Surgical Correction of a Cervical Spinal Fracture in a Bennett’s Wallaby. JZWM 2016; 47(1): 379-382.
  20. Zewe C, Graham J, Lam A, Ferrer L. Demodicosis in a ferret caused by Demodex canis. Vet Derm 2017; 28: 528-29.
  21. Corey J, Graham J, Fordham M, DeCubellis J. Buckley F, Hobbs J, Berent A, Weiss C. Diagnosis and management of esophageal foreign body or stricture in 3 ferrets ( Mustela putorius furo). JAVMA 2017; Aug 15; 251(4):451-457.
  22. Vaught M, Gladden J, Rozanski E, Graham J. Backyard Chickens: Emergency Presentations and Outcome: 78 cases (2014-2017).  Accepted: JAVMA-17-04-0196.R3.
  23. Oparil K, Gladden J, Babyak J, Lambert C, Rozanski L, Graham J. Rabbit gastrointestinal syndrome: 117 cases (2014-2016). In Press.

2. Non-refereed Journals
  1. Graham JE. Rabbit wound management. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2004; 7(1):37-55.
  2. Graham JE, Kent MS, Theon AP. Current therapies in exotic animal oncology. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2004; 7(3):757-782.
  3. Graham JE. Common techniques in the rabbit. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2006; 9(2):367-388.
  4. Graham JE, Fidel J, Mison M. Rostral maxillectomy and radiation therapy to manage squamous cell carcinoma in a ferret. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2006; 9(3):701-706.
  5. Graham JE, Heatley JJ. Raptor emergency medicine. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2007; 10(2):395-418.
  6. Hawkins M, Graham JE. Rodent emergency medicine. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2007; 10(2):501-532.
  7. DeCubellis J, Graham JE. Gastrointestinal disease in guinea pigs and rabbits. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2013; 16(2):421-436.
  8. Graham JE, Basseches J. Liver lobe torsion in rabbits: clinical consequences, diagnosis, and treatment. VCNA: Exotic Practice 2014; 17(2):195-202.
  9. Powers L, Benson K, Brandao J, Graham J, Hawkins M, Keller K, Lee A, Lennox A, Osofsky, A. Avian Health Information Management in the Digital Age. JAMS 2014; 28(3):251-256.
  10. Graham J. Top 10 Mistakes to Avoid for the Exotic Companion Mammal in the ER. Canadian Vet 2015; 10(6):1, 7-8.

3. Chapters in textbooks

  1. Graham JE, Wright TF, Dooling RJ, Korbel R. Sensory Capacities of Parrots. In: Manual of Parrot Behavior, Luescher A (ed.). Ames, IA: Blackwell Publishing; 2006, 33-41.
  2. Graham JE, Mader DR. Basic Approach to Veterinary Care for Rabbits. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents, 3rd Edition, Quesenberry KE, Carpenter JW (eds.). Philadelphia, WB Saunders; 2012, 174-182.
  3. Graham JE. Ectoparasites (rabbits). In: Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets, Mayer J, Donnelly T (eds.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2013, 366-367.
  4. Graham JE. Distemper (ferrets). In: Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets, Mayer J, Donnelly T (eds.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2013, 444-445.
  5. Graham JE. Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen Toxicity (ferrets). In: Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets, Mayer J, Donnelly T (eds.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2013, 464- 465.
  6. Graham JE. Influenza (ferrets). In: Clinical Veterinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets, Mayer J, Donnelly T (eds.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2013, 468-469.
  7. Graham JE. Vaccine Reactions (ferrets). In: Clinical Ve terinary Advisor: Birds and Exotic Pets, Mayer J, Donnelly T (eds.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2013, 500-501.
  8. Graham JE. Lagomorpha (Pikas, Rabbits, and Hares). In: Fowler’s Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy 8,Miller E (ed.). St. Louis, Saunders; 2014, 375-384.
  9. Zehnder A, Graham J, Reavill D, McLaughlin A. Neoplastic Diseases in Avian Species. In: Current Therapy in Avian Medicine and Su rgery. Speer B (ed.). St. Louis, Elsevier; 2016, 107-141.
  10. Graham JE. Self-Assessment Colour Revie w of Avian Medicine, Forbes N and Guzman D (eds). Contributed 6 oncology cases for text. CRC Press, 2016.
  11. Fisher P, Graham JE. Rabbit formulary. In: Exotic Animal Formulary, 5th Ed, Carpenter JW (ed.). Elsevier; 2018, 495-532.
  12. Grandao J, Graham JE. Basic Approach to Veterinary Care for Rabbits. In: Ferrets, Rabbits, and Rodents, 4th Edition, Quesenberry KE, Carpenter JW (eds.). Philadelphia, WB Saunders; In press.
  13. Graham J, Rozanski L. Emergency and Critical Care of Backyard Chickens. In: Backyard Poultry Medicine and Surgery, 2nd Ed, Greenacre C, Morishita T (eds.). Wiley; In Press.
  14. Knafo E, Graham J. Infectious Disease of Exotic Small Mammals. In: Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters, Janeczko S, Hurley K (eds.). Wiley Blackwell; In Press.

4. Books authored or edited
  1. Graham JE. Guest Editor – Oncology, In VCNA: Exotic Animal Practice. Phila: WB Saunders, September, 2004.
  2. Graham JE. Editor – The 5-Minute Avian Consult, Ames: Blackwell Publishing, 2016.
  3. Gladden J, Graham JE. Editors – Exotic Animal Emergency Medicine, Ames: Blackwell Publishing, In press.
5. Book Reviews

  1. Graham JE. Review of: BSAVA Manual of Rabbit Medicine, Gloucester: BSAVA, 2014. J Ex Pet Med, 2014; 23(4):421-422.

6. Abstracts

  1. Wilson GH, Graham JE, Roberts RE, Greenacre CB, Ritchie BW. Integumentary masses in birds: surgical and medical treatment. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Portland, Oregon, 2000; p 211-214.
  2. Greenacre CB, Wilson GH, Graham JE, Ritchie BW. The many faces of megabacterium. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Portland, Oregon, 2000; p 193-196.
  3. Wilson GH, Graham JE, Ritchie BW. Otitis externa in a group of neonatal psittacine birds.Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Portland, Oregon, 2000; p 197-198.
  4. Graham JE, Tell LA, Kollias-Baker C, Craigmill AL. Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Orlando, Florida, 2001;  p 9-11.
  5. Graham JE, Tell LA, Klasing K, Kollias-Baker C. Preliminary investigation into the pharmacodynamics of ketoprofen in adult Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica). Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Monterey, California, 2002; p 75-77.
  6. Ferrell ST, De Cock HV, Tell LA, Graham JE, Kass P. Evaluation of an axial pattern skin flap for the treatment of sternal cutaneous wounds in birds using Japanese quail ( Coturnix Coturnix japonica). Abstracts of the Am College Vet Surg, San Diego, California, 2002.
  7. Ferrell ST, Graham JE, Swaim SF. Avian wound healing and management. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Monterey, California, 2002; p 337-347.
  8. Graham JE, Tell LA, Kollias-Baker C, Craigmill AL. Pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen in adult Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). UC Davis Annual House Officer’s Day Proceedings, 2002.
  9. Gibbons PM, Norris AJ, Graham JE, Osofsky A, Koski M, Terio K. Mid-body swelling in a wild-caught amelanistic corn snake, Elaphe guttata guttata. Abstracts of the Assoc Rept Amphib Vet, Reno, Nevada, 2002; p 55-57.
  10. Graham JE. Abstract summary and commentary on pathophysiological and functional aspects of the megacolon-syndrome of homozygous spotted rabbits. Ex Mammal Med Surg. 2003; 1.2(12): 13-14.
  11. Seibert LS, Graham JE. That time of year? Seasonal reproductive disorde rs in birds. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2004; p 219-227.
  12. Graham JE, Garner M, Reavill D. Liver lobe torsion in rabbits. Abstracts of the Am Assoc Zoo Vet, Kansas City, Missouri, 2011; p 166.
  13. Graham JE, Garner M, Reavill D. Benzamidazole toxicity in rabbits. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012; p 57.
  14. Graham JE, Garner M, Reavill D. Liver lobe torsion in rabbits. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Louisville, Kentucky; p 83.
  15. Graham JE. GI stasis in rabbits: when it’s not just “ileus”. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, Louisville, Kentucky, 2012; p 71-75.
  16. Graham JE, DeCubellis J, Hobbs J, Buckley F. Diagnosis and management of esophageal strictures in a ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, Indianapolis, Indiana, 2013; p 2.
  17. Graham JE, DeCubellis J, Keyerleber M, McNeil E, McEntee M, Morrisey J, March P, Zhao X, Jennings S. Radiation therapy to manage cervical chordoma in two ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, Indianapolis, Indiana, 2013; p 8.
  18. Graham JE, Reavill D, Zhender A. Avian Oncology Master Class. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2014; p 169-181.
  19. Graham JE, Hoffman A. Preliminary investigation into the use of hydroxyethyl starch as an avian red blood cell cryopreservant. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2014; p 7.
  20. Graham JE, Johnson D, Kohles M, Lennox A, Reavill D. The Critical Rabbit; AEMV Preconference Proceedings. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2014; p 3-29.
  21. Graham JE, Jennings S. Unusual clinical cases. Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, Orlando, Florida, 2014.
  22. Graham JE, Hoffman A. Preliminary investigation into the use of hydroxyethyl starch as an avian red blood cell cryopreservant. Abstracts of the Am Assoc Zoo Vet, Orlando, Florida, 2014.
  23. Graham JE, Roderick K, Cunningham S. Gerbode defect in a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, San Antonio, Texas, 2015.
  24. Graham JE, Mavromatis M, McCarthy R, Oura TJ, Jennings SH. An unusual case of suspected ascending pyelonephritis in a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, San Antonio, Texas, 2015.
  25. Graham JE. The Critical Rabbit Master Class. Abstracts of the Assoc Ex Mam Vet, San Antonio, Texas, 2015.
  26. Graham JE. Avian Renal Anatomy, Physiology, and Diseases. Abstracts of the Assoc Avian Vet Preconference Proceedings, San Antonio, Texas, 2015.
  27. Graham JE. Anesthesia and analgesia for critical birds. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Washington, D.C., 2015.
  28. Graham JE. The critical bird: approach and procedures. Abstracts of the IVECCS 2015, Washington, D.C, 2015.
  29. Graham JE. Level 1 VECCS facility certification: incorporating exotics care i nto your ER. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Washington, D.C., 2015.
  30. Graham JE. Top 10 mistakes to avoid for the exotic companion animal in the ER. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Washington, D.C., 2015.
  31. Graham JE. Critical care in the rabbit. Abstracts of the NAVC, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  32. Graham JE. Rabbit thymoma vs lymphoma: diagnostic and therapeutic options. Abstracts of the NAVC, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  33. Graham JE. Ferret chordoma: not just a tail disease. Abstracts of the NAVC, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  34. Graham JE. Rat mammary tumors: surgery and beyond. Abstracts of the NAVC, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  35. Graham JE. Rodent respiratory disease complex. Abstracts of the NAVC, Orlando, Florida, 2016.
  36. Graham JE, Meola D, Lessard D, Hoffman AM. Impact of Site on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Yield in Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Abstracts of ExoticsCon, Portland, Oregon, 2016.
  37. Graham JE, Heinze C, Beamer G, Webster C. Management of Copper Toxicosis in a Ferret (Mustela putorius furo). Abstracts of ExoticsCon, Portland, Oregon, 2016.
  38. Graham JE, Hahn S, Mariano A, McCarthy R. Infraorbital Keratin Cyst in an Umbrella Cockatoo (Cacatua alba). Abstracts of ExoticsCon, Portland, Oregon, 2016.
  39. Graham JE. Avian Gastrointestinal Emergencies. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Nashville, TN, 2017.
  40. Graham JE. Avian Respiratory Emergencies. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Nashville, TN, 2017.
  41. Graham JE, Klaphake E, Gladden J. Exotic Emergency Procedures. Abstracts of the IVECCS, Nashville, TN, 2017.
  42. Graham JE, Knafo E, Oura T. Evaluation of Gastrointestinal Activity Patterns in Healthy Rabbits Using Duplex Doppler Sonography. Abstracts of ExoticsCon, Dallas TX, 2017.
  43. Osofsky A, Graham J, Strunk A. Practice Pearls, Abstracts of the Association of Avian Veterinarians, Washington, D.C., 2017.

7. Technical Reports - N/A

8. Electronic equivalent (e.g., CD’s, web-based, etc.)

  1. Graham JE. The rabbit liver in health and disease – Oxbow Animal Health Online Veterinary Newsletter, 2012.
  2. Promotional video for the ZCAM department (with Steffan Hacker, Multimedia Producer), 2013.
  3. Graham JE. http://www.smallanimalchannel.com/about -rabbits/signs-of -a-sick- rabbit.aspx: How to tell when your rabbit is sick. Rabbits USA Magazine, 2013.
  4. Hypoallergenic Pets. Interview for Parent’s Magazine, July 2013.
  5. Graham JE. Thymoma in Rabbits. FHSA Newsletter, August 2013.
  6. Graham JE. Trauma in Rabbits. http://www.smallanimalchannel.com/rabbits/rabbit - health/11-injuries-that-can-send-your-rabbit-to-the-vet.aspx. Rabbits USA Magazine, February 2014.
  7. Prickly Pocket Pets Gaining Popularity interview: http://youtu.be/KKmiivzq0cs, June 2014.
  8. Salmonella in your pets interview: http://www.safebee.com/health/truth -about- salmonella-and- your-pet, February 2015.
  9. Listed as "15 Top Exotic Animal Veterinary Professors" by Vet Tech Colleges, March 2015.
  10. MetroWest Interview on Exotic Pets in MA, August 2015.
  11. Tufts ‘Ever Wonder?’ Series Interview. Steffan Hacker, Multimedia Producer, August 2015.
  12. Graham JE. Renal Disease in Rabbits. FHSA Newsletter, Spring 2016.
  13. Pet MD: Cancer Treatment for Small Animals, Spring 2017.http://www.petmd.com/exotic/conditions/cancer/cancer -treatment-for-small-animals
  14. American Veterinarian: Unique Aspects of the Avian GI System, Fall 2017. http://www.americanveterinarian.com/videos/unique-aspects-of-the-avian-gi-system
  15. American Veterinarian: Unique Qualities of the Avian Respiratory System, Fall 2017. http://www.americanveterinarian.com/videos/unique-qualities-of-the-avian-respiratory-system
  16. American Veterinarian: Common Respiratory Emergencies of Birds, Fall 2017. http://www.americanveterinarian.com/videos/common-respiratory-emergencies-in-birds

9. Other

  1. Graham JE. Abstract summary and commentary on hedgehog zoonoses. Ex Mammal Med Surg. 2005, 3.1.
  2. Graham JE. Abstract summary and commentary on human deaths associated with rodent LCM virus and LCM virus infection in organ transplant recipients – Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 2005. Ex Mammal Med Surg. 2005, 3.2.
  3. Graham JE. Exotic Animal Tips and Tricks. MVMA Newsletter 2014.
  4. Graham JE et al. Avian health information management in the digital age. J Avian Med Surg 2014; 28(3):251-256.

General Research Interests

  • Anti-Inflammatories
  • Oncology in Exotic Animal Species
  • Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits

Selected Research Projects

  • Comparison of the effects of glycerol, dimethyl sulfoxide, and hydroxyethyl starch solutions for cryopreservation of avian red blood cells
  • Rabbit Sex Cord Stromal Tumors: a Retrospective Study to Determine Prevalence, Treatment Recommendations, and Prognosis
  • Impact of Site on Mesenchymal Stem Cell Yield in Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus)

Research and Clinical Interests

Avian tumor cell line project (Exotic Species Cancer Research Alliance)
• NSAIDs in exotic animal species
• Encephalitozoon cuniculi
• Liver lobe torsion in rabbits
• Critical Care in rabbits
• Ileus/GI motility in rabbits
• Cryopreservation of avian red blood cells
• Stem cell research in avian species

Research Interests by Area

Spontaneous Animal Disease Models
  • Encephalitozoon cuniculi in rabbits
Other Areas of Research
  • Zoonotic diseases in exotic species (Encephalitozoon cuniculi), blood transfusion, clinical research with exotic animals